Resolve hostname to IPv6 address in listen directive
ott at mirix.org
Thu Aug 26 03:55:00 MSD 2010
On Wed, Aug 25, 2010 at 10:45:55PM +0400, Maxim Dounin wrote:
> On Wed, Aug 25, 2010 at 07:39:00PM +0200, Matthias-Christian Ott wrote:
> > On Wed, Aug 25, 2010 at 03:04:44PM +0400, Maxim Dounin wrote:
> > > On Wed, Aug 25, 2010 at 09:27:43AM +0200, Matthias-Christian Ott wrote:
> > >
> > > > At the moment nignx does not allow IPv6 addresses to specified by
> > > > hostname in a listen directive, that is the following will not work:
> > > >
> > > > listen ipv6.example.com;
> > > > listen [ipv6.example.com];
> > > > listen ipv6.example.com ipv6only=on;
> > > > listen [ipv6.example.com] ipv6only=on;
> > > >
> > > > Though I see a potential security problem with hostnames here (this
> > > > also applies to IPv4), because DNS replies can be manipulated if
> > > > DNSSEC is not used, I think that this feature would be helpful and
> > > > simplifies administration.
> > >
> > > Note well: listen with hostname always uses *one* address returned
> > > by hostname lookup, the first one returned by gethostbyname(). It
> > > doesn't make sense to attempt to use it with hostname which
> > > resolves to multiple addresses.
> > Of course you would have to use getaddrinfo() (gethostbyname() is
> > removed in POSIX.1-2008 and is deprecated by RFC 3493). Multiple
> > addresses for one hostname are necessary for IPv4/IPv6 dual stack.
> > So I see no reason why nginx should only associate one IP address
> > with a hostname.
> Directive "listen" specifies exactly one socket (address:port pair
> for ipv4/ipv6, path for unix sockets) nginx will listen for
> connections (and sets options for this socket). To listen on
> multiple sockets you have to write multiple listen directives.
> This is just how it works.
So you would have to forbid hostnames entirely, because you would
otherweise contradict DNS (even with IPv4 there can be multiple A
records for a hostname). Your interpretation just makes no sense in
the current internet.
> > > > Given that example.com resolves to an IPv4 and IPv6 address, simply
> > > > binding to both addresses with the following directive would break
> > > > backwards compatibility: listen example.com;
> > > >
> > > > For backwards compatibility I propose the following to resolve the
> > > > IPv6 addresses of a hostname and listen on them:
> > > >
> > > > a) listen example.com ipv6only=on;
> > > >
> > > > b) listen [example.com];
> > > >
> > > > Solution b) has the disadvantage that it doesn't conform to RFC 3986.
> > >
> > > Both are bad. Attribute ipv6only serves completely different
> > > purpose: it disables implicit mapping of ipv6 listen sockets to
> > > ipv4 (for OSes where such mapping is on by default), i.e.
> > > instructs nginx to do setsockopt(IPV6_V6ONLY) on listen socket.
> > > See http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3493#section-5.3 for details.
> > I know what the option means and I'm aware of the fact that my
> > proposed solution introduces a semantic corner case for [::] since we
> > “overload” the semantics of ipv6only. But I though for backwards
> > compatibility this would be a good idea. If you prefer a new syntax
> > simply suggest “ipv4” and “ipv6” as in:
> > listen example.com ipv4;
> > listen example.com ipv6;
> > This would be the cleanest solution I can come up with.
> I don't see any reason why a hostname with ipv4 and ipv6 addresses
> should be handled differently from a hostname with two ipv4
These are just convenience options. I can image that it would be useful
to have the ipv4 and ipv6 options. As a purist you could of course not
A hostname IPv4 and IPv6 addresses should be handled differently from a
hostname with two IPv4 addresses addresses, because the current way of
handling hostnames with multiple IPv4 addresses is broken and simply
wrong and relies on the semantics of the obsolete gethostbyname()
function that came out with 4.2BSD in August 1983.
> > Moreover, IPv4-compatible IPv6 address are deprecated by RFC 4291 and
> > I think IPV6_V6ONLY should be the default option, so ipv6only could
> > at least in 0.8 if not in 0.7 be removed or reused.
> As I already said, this is for OSes which do implicitly open ipv4
> sockets for ipv6 binds. It doesn't make sense to do extra work
> for normal ones, and it doesn't make sense to remove it while such
> OSes are still here.
If you set IPV6_V6ONLY to 1 via setsockopt(), you disable the obsolete
IPv4-compatible IPv6 address scheme and enable a proper dual stack
approach. What's wrong about this? I don't get your point.
> > > I believe correct solution would be to make
> > >
> > > listen example.com;
> > >
> > > to use ipv6 address if no ipv4 addresses were found.
> > No definitely not. This would make IPv4/IPv6 dual stack impossible. It
> > should rather bind to all addresses returned by getaddrinfo() as any
> > other server does. ipv4only/ipv6only or ipv4/ipv6 (depending on the
> > final choice) could be used to listen only to IPv4 or IPv6 addresses
> > of the hostname. This is pretty much the standard behaviour of every
> > server that support IPv6 correctly.
> This a) maintains backward compatibility, b) preserves "how it
> works" and c) allows to specify ipv6 address by name. Again,
> nobody stops you from using multiple "listen" directives.
> But actually:
> 1. I see no reason to use hostnames in "listen" directive. From
> my experience this causes more harm than good.
> 2. This discussion is mostly pointless without patches.
I don't want to invest any time in this before it's not clear how to
implement it. Despite this, it should be trivial to implement this. So
it's just a question of syntax and backwards compatibility.
> 3. It's up to Igor, so feel free to ignore me.
> Maxim Dounin
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