Virtual hosts

Joel Dahl joel.dahl at
Fri Jun 26 13:38:35 MSD 2009


I use the following line in nginx.conf to serve websites for a bunch of 
virtual hosts:

include /usr/local/etc/nginx/vhosts/*.conf;

...and a typical configuration file for each virtual host looks like this:

server {
     listen 80;
     rewrite ^/(.*) permanent;

server {
     listen 80;

     location / {
         root /home/w/www001;
         index index.php index.html index.htm;

     error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
     location = /50x.html {
         root /usr/local/etc/nginx/errorpages;

     error_page 404 /404.html;
     location = /404.html {
         root /usr/local/etc/nginx/errorpages;

     location ~ \.php$ {
         fastcgi_index index.php;
         fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
         fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /home/w/www001$fastcgi_script_name;
         include fastcgi_params;

     location ~ /\.ht {
         deny all;

I find it overly complex and redundant to include all of this in every *.conf 
file however.

For example, would it be possible to put the error_page stuff in the main 
nginx.conf instead?  Like a global option for everything.

Also, is it possible to use variables in the configuration file? Right now I'm 
hard-coding the domain/host name into several places in each *.conf file, and 
also the path to the actual files.  This makes it a PITA to maintain.

I've only been using nginx for a very short time, so I'm open for any 
suggestions.  :-)


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