Old thread: Cache for non-cookie users and fresh for cookie users

António P. P. Almeida appa at perusio.net
Fri Feb 10 14:16:42 UTC 2012

On 10 Fev 2012 08h34 WET, quintinpar at gmail.com wrote:

> On Thu, Feb 9, 2012 at 2:19 PM, Maxim Dounin <mdounin at mdounin.ru>
> wrote:
>> Hello!
>> On Thu, Feb 09, 2012 at 12:34:33PM +0530, Quintin Par wrote:
>>> Picking up an old thread for caching
>> http://nginx.2469901.n2.nabble.com/Help-cache-or-not-by-cookie-td3124462.html
>>> Igor talks about caching by
>>> “No, currently the single way is:
>>> 1) add the cookie in proxy_cache_key
>>> proxy_cache_key  "http://cacheserver$request_uri $cookie_name";
>>> 2) add "X-Accel-Expires: 0" in response with the cookie.”
>>> But from my understanding of “*X-Accel-Expires” *it expires the
>>> cache in the cache repository as given below
>>> “Sets when to expire the file in the internal Nginx cache, if one
>>> is
>> used.”
>>> Does this not mean that when I set cookie and pass
>>> “X-Accel-Expires: 0”
>> it
>>> expires the cache for the non logged in user too, for that cache
>>> key? A
>> new
>>> cache entry will then have to be created, right?
>> No.  X-Accel-Expires will prevent the particular response from
>> being cached, but won't delete existing cache entry.
> So what should I do to delete a particular cache entry?

The easiest and fastest way is to delete the file. You need to build a
function in a programming language (PHP, Lua, Ruby) that computes the


$filename = md5('example.com/foobar');

This is for a key like:


Then depending on the structure if your cache directory each directory
is named by taking a number of characters from the end of the string:

For the above:

$filename is 536d75ab92a8e8778916a971cb1fb4e0

If the cache dir structure is something like:

proxy_cache_path /var/cache/nginx/microcache levels=1:2 keys_zone=microcache:5M max_size=1G;
This means that the path to the file containing the cached page will



0 is substr($filename, -1, 1)
                           1 from levels=1:2
4e is substr($filename, -3, 2) 
                            2 from levels=1:2 

--- appa

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