Character references

Lukas Tribus luky-37 at
Mon Aug 12 13:06:03 UTC 2013

Hi Dejan,

> If I use character reference in html file to represent a character and
> web server sends the file on browser request, how the browser will
> decode the character reference?
> My Nginx web server is configured to not send character encoding in the
> header I have set character encoding in the meta tag on page level to
> utf8.

This is off-topic, as this is about browser behavior, not webserver or
nginx specific behavior.

My experience is that, when both html meta tag and HTTP header are setting
the charset, the one in the HTTP header takes precedence. When the HTTP
header doesn't specify the charset, browser usually refer to the html meta
tag. Different browser vendor and releases may have a different behavior.


I strongly suggest you set the correct charset in the HTTP header.


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