How to change cookie header in a filter?

Maxim Dounin mdounin at
Tue Mar 19 13:04:23 UTC 2013


On Mon, Mar 18, 2013 at 04:24:05PM -0700, Cool wrote:

> Hi,
> What's the right way to change incoming cookie header so that upstream
> can get it just like it's from user's original request header? For
> example, user's browser sends:
> Cookie: PHPSESSID=34406134e25e5e07727f5de6d5ff7aa3; __utmc=78548747
> and I want it to be:
> Cookie: PHPSESSID=34406134e25e5e07727f5de6d5ff7aa3; __utmc=78548747;
> mycookie=something
> when upstream processes the request.

I would recommend something like this:

    proxy_set_header Cookie "$http_cookie; mycookie=something";

(Similar to what's usually done with X-Forwarded-For using 
the $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for variable.)

> I'm trying to migrate an Apache HTTPd module to nginx, it's more or less
> like mod_usertrack
> ( but I need to
> implement my own logic to enforce compatibility among Apache, Nginx,
> IIS, and Jetty.
> The question is, for the first time visitor, the incoming request does
> not have mycookie in the header, I can determine this and generate
> cookie and Set-Cookie in response, however, I also need to change
> incoming cookie header so that upstream (php-fpm now, but should be same
> to all other upstreams as I'm guessing) can get this generated
> "mycookie" as well.
> I tried to add new entry to r->headers_in.cookies but it does not work,
> also tried r->headers_in.headers but no luck either.

It's usually not a good idea to change original request headers.  
Instead, it is recommended to form appropriate request to an 
upstream, see above.

Maxim Dounin

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