mdounin at mdounin.ru
Tue Dec 1 13:00:59 UTC 2015
On Tue, Dec 01, 2015 at 12:49:50AM -0800, Frank Liu wrote:
> I was doing some tests today and have created a single test virtual host
> listen 8181;
> and nginx runs fine (1.9.7). Now if I change the listen to only one
> interface ip:
> listen 192.168.10.10:8181
> configtest shows fine but reload gives "bind failed" in the error log.
> Is this normal?
Yes, if you are using Linux.
Linux doesn't allow listen sockets on INADDR_ANY and an IP address
on the same port to coexist, due to "security" reasons. And this
is exactly what happens when you try to reload a configuration -
nginx still has an open listening sockets on *:8181 and tries to
open another one on 192.168.10.10:8181. As a result, the bind()
system call fails due to the Linux limitation, and that's what you
see in the error log. To switch from a listening on * to an IP
address on Linux you'll have to restart nginx, reload won't work.
The same process works fine on other OSes without such artificial
limitations (e.g., FreeBSD).
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