cache all endpoints but one: nginx settings

Luigi Assom itsawesome.yes at
Tue Oct 4 15:17:38 UTC 2016


I have a flask web app + uwsgi + nginx.
I am using nginx both as server as well as proxy server.

*How to make nginx to cache successful results from all API ending points
but one?*

I want to cache *only successful responses *from  all /api/endpoints except

1. I tried to:
 -- add a new location (see api/search) to the proxy server to *proxy_pass* the
request to default server;
-- put all other /api/ location blocks with cache settings *after * the*
/api/search* location

It seems not to cache as I want (It is caching everything).

2. I designed my webapps like this (see mockup in attachment):
 -- 1 api return a page; if page is not found, *it returns a json formatted
'{warning : not found'}
 -- 1 template handle 404 missing pages

To say, while will return a result (200 response)
example/mockup will return a 404 response

In case page is not found, will nginx cache the api result or not given my
current settings?

Could you clarify how flask, uwsgi and nginx server (port 8000) and nginx
proxy server  (port 80) are interacting in such a case, given my settings?


Please see in attachment blocks from my nginx settings.
Uwsgi settings are  below.

*** UWSGI # settings in myapp.ini ***


module = wsgi

master = true

processes = 5

socket = awesome3.sock

chmod-socket = 660

vacuum = true

die-on-term = true

logto = /var/log/uwsgi/%n.log

protocol = uwsgi

harakiri = 120


Thank you so much for helping out!
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <>
-------------- next part --------------

server {
		listen 8000 default_server;


		charset utf-8;

		root /var/www/example;

		location / {
			include uwsgi_params;
			uwsgi_pass unix:/var/www/awesome3-gamma/awesome3.sock;

		# Set Cache for my Json api
		# I DO NOT WANT TO CACHE /api/search !!!!

		# I let expires 1M for json responses, and try with proxy_pass
		# as!topic/openresty-en/apyaHbqJetU

		location ~* \.(?:json)$ {
		  expires 1M;
		  access_log off;
		  add_header Cache-Control "public";

		location /api {
			include uwsgi_params;
			uwsgi_pass unix:/var/www/awesome3-gamma/awesome3.sock;
			allow XX.XX.XXX.XXX:;
			deny all;


# Set cache dir for nginx
proxy_cache_path /tmp/nginx levels=1:2 keys_zone=my_zone:10m inactive=60m;
proxy_cache_key "$scheme$request_method$host$request_uri";

# Attempt to delete single file cache - skip it
# curl -s -o /dev/null  -H "X-Update: 1"
# proxy_cache_bypass $http_x_update;

# Here I set a proxy server:
# I try to proxy_pass /api/search 
# with no cache settings

# Virtualhost/server configuration
server {
	listen   80  default_server;


	root /var/www/example;

	charset utf-8;

    location /api/search {
        proxy_pass http://example:8000/api/search;

	# can cache my API won't change
	location /api {
		add_header X-Proxy-Cache $upstream_cache_status;

		proxy_cache my_zone;
		proxy_cache_use_stale updating;
		proxy_cache_lock on;
		# proxy_cache_valid any 30s;
		proxy_cache_valid 30d;
		proxy_ignore_headers X-Accel-Expires Expires Cache-Control;


# like this, in my browser I still see all api request as
# add_header Cache-Control "no-cache, must-revalidate, max-age=0";

-------------- next part --------------
A non-text attachment was scrubbed...
Type: text/x-python-script
Size: 1034 bytes
Desc: not available
URL: <>

More information about the nginx mailing list