Reverse proxy to QNAP does not work

no.1 nginx-forum at
Wed Nov 25 20:31:19 UTC 2015

I've been trying to reach my QNAP NAS from internet via reverse proxy on
Raspberry Pi. Beside the stand alone QNAP a owncloud installation should run
as well on the RPi. The plan was to use subdirectories to access both
( and Subdomains are
not possible.

Even if I leave out the owncloud installation it won't work to access the
NAS via subdirectory.

It works with “direct access” and proxy_pass:

upstream php-handler {
  server unix:/var/run/php5-fpm.sock;

server {
  listen 80;
  return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;

server {
  listen 443 ssl;

  ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/ssl/owncloud.crt;
  ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/ssl/owncloud.key;

  location / {
    proxy_pass http://qnap:8080;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;

But as soon as I try that a rewrite it ends up shortening the url to and an 404 error instead
of (with the logon windows from the QNAP
which is show locally if I use https://qnap:8080). location block look

location /nas/ {
    rewrite /nas/(.*) /$1 break;
    proxy_set_header Accept-Encoding "";
    proxy_pass http://qnap:8080;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
    proxy_redirect https://qnap:8080/ /nas/;
    sub_filter '"/' '"/nas/';
    sub_filter_once off;

Response header on this page says gzip for content-encoding and content-type
text/html (which I've read in another post is often relevant using
sub_filter directives).

If I add a location block before it looks fine, the logon window appears but
I can't logon. “Password or username is wrong”.

  location / {
    if ($http_referer ~ /nas) {
      rewrite ^(.*) /nas$1 permanent;
    return 404;

I try to understand nginx and the directives behind, but it’s really hard to
find „my way“. So at the moment it’s more trial and error and I hope someone
can help.

Kind regs

my configuration:
- QNAP with latest firmware 4.2.0 (2015/10/23)
- (Standard) Raspbian (Debian Jessie) on a RPi Model B
- nginx 1.6.2 with --with-http_sub_module and
- PHP 5.6 mit php-fpm

Posted at Nginx Forum:,263081,263081#msg-263081

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