How to send all these requests to the same file when I have an Angular state based router?

Francis Daly francis at
Wed Sep 2 19:04:35 UTC 2015

On Wed, Sep 02, 2015 at 01:37:49PM -0400, maplesyrupandrew wrote:

Hi there,

> I'm using the Angular ui-router which uses states to control the routes.
> Meaning that all request should serve the same index.html file, and the
> JavaScript worries about loading in appropriate content.

>From those words, and the Subject: line above, I'm not actually sure what
it is that you want to do. "all requests to the same file" is one thing;
but does not seem to be what the rest of your mail implies.

> The .htaccess rules that control the same thing are below:
> <ifModule mod_rewrite.c>
> RewriteEngine On 
>      # Required to allow direct-linking of pages so they can be processed by
> Angular 
>      RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f 
>      RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d 
>     RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !index RewriteRule (.*) index.html [L]
> </ifModule>

I think that means "send the file, else send the directory index, else
send the fallback /index.html url".

Is that correct?

Because if so, that's what try_files is for.

> I'm trying to achieve the same effect, but I'm serving content through
> nginx. I tried to achieve this by adding the third location block in the
> nginx config below, however, this didn't seem to do the trick (404s). It
> tries to catch all routes that are not /auth.
> What am I missing here?

If you have "location /{}" and "location /auth{}", then the first one
will match all requests that do not start "/auth".

Your third location seems odd. (It's a prefix location, since it does
not start with ~.)

>     index index.html index.html;

That line probably doesn't do much useful.

>     server_name _;

That line probably doesn't do much useful.

>     location / {
>         # First attempt to serve request as file, then
>         # as directory, then fall back to displaying a 404.
>         try_files $uri $uri/ =404;

But you want "try as file, then as directory, then fall back to
/index.html", no?

  try_files $uri $uri/ /index.html;

>     }
>     location /auth{
>         proxy_pass http://auth;
>     }
>     location /^(?!auth$).* {
>         try_files $uri  /var/www/..../dist/index.html;
>     }

Remove that location{} altogether. It probably won't do any harm, as it
is unlikely to match any request. But it is confusing.

Francis Daly        francis at

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