upstream - behavior on pool exhaustion

B.R. reallfqq-nginx at
Fri Apr 14 07:41:36 UTC 2017


Reading from upstream
docs, on upstream pool exhaustion, every backend should be tried once, and
then if all fail the response should be crafted based on the one from the
last server attempt.
So far so good.

I recently faced a server farm which implements a dull nightly restart of
every node, not sequencing it, resulting in the possibility of having all
nodes offline at the same time.

However, I collected log entries which did not match what I was expected.
For 6 backend nodes, I got:
- log format: $status $body_bytes_sent $request_time $upstream_addr
- log entry: 502 568 0.001 <IP address 1>:<port>, <IP address 2>:<port>,
<IP address 3>:<port>, <IP address 4>:<port>, <IP address 5>:<port>, <IP
address 6>:<port>, php-fpm 0.000, 0.000, 0.000, 0.000, 0.001, 0.000, 0.000
I got 7 entries for $upstream_addr & $upstream_response_time, instead of
the expected 6.

​Here are the interesting parts of the configuration:
upstream php-fpm {
    server <machine 1>:<port> down;
    server <machine 2>:<port> down;
    server <machine N-5>:<port>;
    server <machine N-4>:<port>;
    server <machine N-3>:<port>;
    server <machine N-2>:<port>;
    server <machine N-1>:<port>;
    server <machine N>:<port>;
    keepalive 128;

​server {
    set $fpm_pool "php-fpm$fpm_pool_ID";
        location ~ \.php$ {
            fastcgi_read_timeout 600;
            fastcgi_keep_conn on;
            fastcgi_index index.php;

            include fastcgi_params;
            fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME
            fastcgi_pass $fpm_pool;

​The question is:
php-fpm being an upstream group name, how come has it been tried as a
domain name in the end?
Stated otherwise, is this because the upstream group is considered 'down',
thus somehow removed from the possibilities, and nginx trying one last time
the name as a domain name to see if something answers?
This 7th request is definitely strange to my point of view. Is it a bug or
a feature?
*B. R.*
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