100% CPU use in ngx_http_finalize_connection

Richard Stanway r1ch+nginx at teamliquid.net
Fri Mar 24 12:31:35 UTC 2017

I recently moved our site to a new server running Linux 4.9, Debian
8.7 64 bit with nginx 1.11.11 from the nginx repository. Our config is
straightforward - epoll, a few proxy backends and a few fastcgi
backends, a handful of vhosts, some with HTTP2, geoip module loaded.
No AIO, no threads, no timer_resolution.

After some time, nginx worker processes are getting stuck at 100% CPU
use in what seems to be ngx_http_finalize_connection. New requests
hitting the worker are completely stalled. Eventually all nginx
workers will become stuck and the sites become unreachable.

I'm running older versions of nginx on the same versions of Debian and
Linux at other sites without a problem, but the server giving me
problems also receives a much larger amount of traffic than the
others. Due to the traffic, the debug log gets incredibly large which
makes it difficult to isolate the error. I've posted a 1 second
excerpt of the core debug log at http://pastebin.com/hqzGzjTV during
the time that some of the workers were at 100%, however I'm not sure
this contains enough information. I'll look into enabling HTTP level
logging if necessary.

Has anyone experienced anything similar to this or have any ideas
where to start looking to debug this?


nginx version: nginx/1.11.11
built by gcc 4.9.2 (Debian 4.9.2-10)
built with OpenSSL 1.0.1t  3 May 2016
TLS SNI support enabled
configure arguments: --prefix=/etc/nginx --sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx
--pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid --lock-path=/var/run/nginx.lock
--http-scgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/scgi_temp --user=nginx
--group=nginx --with-compat --with-file-aio --with-threads
--with-http_addition_module --with-http_auth_request_module
--with-http_dav_module --with-http_flv_module
--with-http_gunzip_module --with-http_gzip_static_module
--with-http_mp4_module --with-http_random_index_module
--with-http_realip_module --with-http_secure_link_module
--with-http_slice_module --with-http_ssl_module
--with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_sub_module
--with-http_v2_module --with-mail --with-mail_ssl_module --with-stream
--with-stream_realip_module --with-stream_ssl_module
--with-stream_ssl_preread_module --with-cc-opt='-g -O2
-fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security
-Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fPIC' --with-ld-opt='-Wl,-z,relro -Wl,-z,now
-Wl,--as-needed -pie'

#0  0x000055d533ab87e8 in ngx_pfree (pool=0x55d536202fe0,
p=0x55d5361636c0) at src/core/ngx_palloc.c:282
#1  0x000055d533af54d9 in ngx_http_set_keepalive (r=<optimized out>)
at src/http/ngx_http_request.c:3000
#2  ngx_http_finalize_connection (r=<optimized out>) at
#3  0x000055d533af0d8b in ngx_http_core_content_phase
(r=0x55d536136f10, ph=0x55d537cbf210) at
#4  0x000055d533aeb29d in ngx_http_core_run_phases
(r=r at entry=0x55d536136f10) at src/http/ngx_http_core_module.c:860
#5  0x000055d533aeb392 in ngx_http_handler (r=r at entry=0x55d536136f10)
at src/http/ngx_http_core_module.c:843
#6  0x000055d533af669e in ngx_http_process_request (r=0x55d536136f10)
at src/http/ngx_http_request.c:1921
#7  0x000055d533adeda4 in ngx_epoll_process_events (cycle=<optimized
out>, timer=<optimized out>, flags=<optimized out>) at
#8  0x000055d533ad5caa in ngx_process_events_and_timers
(cycle=cycle at entry=0x55d5357ba110) at src/event/ngx_event.c:242
#9  0x000055d533adcc31 in ngx_worker_process_cycle
(cycle=cycle at entry=0x55d5357ba110, data=data at entry=0x12) at
#10 0x000055d533adb583 in ngx_spawn_process
(cycle=cycle at entry=0x55d5357ba110, proc=proc at entry=0x55d533adcbb0
<ngx_worker_process_cycle>, data=data at entry=0x12,
name=name at entry=0x55d533b71db0 "worker process",
respawn=respawn at entry=-4) at src/os/unix/ngx_process.c:198
#11 0x000055d533adce50 in ngx_start_worker_processes
(cycle=0x55d5357ba110, n=24, type=-4) at
#12 0x000055d533addae7 in ngx_master_process_cycle
(cycle=0x55d5357ba110) at src/os/unix/ngx_process_cycle.c:243
#13 0x000055d533ab5e56 in main (argc=<optimized out>, argv=<optimized
out>) at src/core/nginx.c:375

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