“max conns” in upstream is not working what I've expected;

jinsam.kim nginx-forum at forum.nginx.org
Wed Aug 22 02:58:15 UTC 2018

Hello Super Heroes.

I want to limit connections in a service. So I used max_conns directive in

But it allows twice connections as many as I've set. 

So, I suspected myself. Maybe… Am I used the direction in wrong way.

And I found some descriptions about “max_conns” exception rules.


If idle keepalive connections, multiple workers, and the shared memory are
enabled, the total number of active and idle connections to the proxied
server may exceed the max_conns value.

And I’ve tried change configuration of “keepalive”, “worker numbers” and
“shared memory”. But it still the same. It allowed twice connections as many
as I expected.

My config file is blow.

# max_conns Test Server

proxy_cache_path /etc/nginx/cache levels=1:2 keys_zone=my_cache:10m
max_size=10g inactive=60s use_temp_path=off;

proxy_cache_key "$scheme$request_method$host$request_uri";

upstream t10 {
    zone t1_z 1M;
    server localhost:8080  max_conns=5 max_fails=0 fail_timeout=1s;

server {
    listen 8000 ;
    location /test/1 {
        proxy_pass http://t10;  # it takes 1 seconds

And I run a shell script blow.

for v in {1..40}
	curl 'localhost:8000/test/1' -i -l >> 30_2.log &
	sleep 0.01


The url ‘localhost:8080/test/1’ takes 1 seconds.

I expected 5 succeed and 35 fail. But it always 10 succeed, 30 failed.

Posted at Nginx Forum: https://forum.nginx.org/read.php?2,280930,280930#msg-280930

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