Nginx as forward proxy and maintaining persistent connections

Maxim Dounin mdounin at
Sat Mar 24 15:06:46 UTC 2018


On Fri, Mar 23, 2018 at 08:17:09PM -0400, vi54 wrote:

> am trying to configure nginx as a forward proxy and establish persistent

Note that nginx is not a forward proxy.  You may have better luck 
with other programs which are designed to be used as a forward 

> connection between the nginx and the upstream server. When I set
> server {
>      location / {
>      proxy_pass http://$http_host$request_uri;
>      proxy_http_version 1.1;
>      proxy_set_header Connection "";
>      ...
>     }
> }
> in the location context, it has no effect until I have a upstream module
> that has keepalive directive in it. Is it mandatory to specify the upstream
> module with keepalive directive?

Yes, to maintain keepalive connections with an upstream server you 
have to define and upstream{} block with keepalive cache 

> If I do that way,
> http
> {
>     upstream up {
>       server $http_host;
>       keepalive 20;
>     }
>     server {
>       proxy_pass http://up$request_uri;
>     }
> }
> I get the error host not found in upstream "$http_host". Looks like the
> server directive is not using it as variable but merely looking for a server
> named $http_host? I tried finding hints in online resources but couldn't get
> help. I need someone to point me how this goes wrong?

That's expected, you cannot use variables in the "server" 
directive in the upstream block.

That is, what you are trying to do won't work.  You can only 
maintain persistent connections with upstream servers you know 
about and configured in advance.

Maxim Dounin

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