Does Nginx allow to specify multiple root certificates for client certificate verification?
nginx-forum at nginx.us
Fri Aug 10 09:28:32 UTC 2012
Maxim Dounin Wrote:
> On Tue, Jul 31, 2012 at 11:21:26AM -0400,
> ffeldhaus wrote:
> > Hi,
> > Maxim Dounin Wrote:
> > >
> > > Hello!
> > >
> > > On Tue, Jul 31, 2012 at 05:43:31AM -0400,
> > > ffeldhaus wrote:
> > >
> > > > For a project as part of the European Grid
> > > Infrastructure (EGI) we need
> > > > SSL client certificate verification for a
> > > service running on nginx. As
> > > > there are several root CAs allowed within
> > > we need nginx to check
> > > > them all during client certificate
> > > In the documentation of
> > > > nginx I could only find the parameter
> > > ssl_client_certificate which
> > > > allows to specify just one file containing a
> > > root certificate.
> > > >
> > > > Is there a way to specify more than one root
> > > for client certificate
> > > > verification in nginx or do I have to use
> > > for this?
> > >
> > > Yes. Just put multiple root CA certificates
> > > a file specified
> > > in the ssl_client_certificate directive.
> > >
> > > Note the docs explicitly say "certificates"
> > > (plural), see
> > > http://nginx.org/r/ssl_client_certificate.
> > I had hoped there would be another way. Putting
> the currently 105
> > certificates in one file may work, but the
> problem is, that the
> > certificates may change and with 105 CA
> certificates at the moment the
> > chance that a certificate is updated/revoked is
> not negligible anymore.
> If CA certificate is updated/revoked it probably
> needs some double
> checking by a human anyway. Updating the file and
> asking nginx to
> reload it's config isn't going to be a big deal
I don't agree. For most Linux distributions you get a list of CA
certificates automatically installed and they are often updated
transparent to the administrator. For EGI this is even more true, as
there is a secure, certified way how certificates are created / updated
/ removed by a daily cron job. Again, this is transparent to the user.
> > I could write a cron job to update the single
> certificate file after
> > each update, but it would be much easier if
> nginx would support multiple
> > CA certificate files out of the box. For Apache
> there is a directive
> > called SSLCACertificatePath to do just this. Do
> you think this could be
> > a feature worth implementing in Nginx? If so,
> how could I help?
> "Certificate file" vs "certificate path"
> difference isn't about
> running something after updates of certificates or
> not (in both
> cases you have to update something, either cat to
> a single file or
> the c_rehash script to create symbolic links in
> case of CApath).
> The difference is about certificates in memory vs.
> certficates on
> disk, and the later implies syscalls and disk
> access on each
> certificate check.
> As nginx is designed to work under high loads,
> with many requests
> (and handshakes) per second, it uses CAfile
> variant. And as nginx
> configuration reload is seamless, it's unlikely
> the CApath variant
> will add any extra value.
I disagree. The fastest way to do a lookup is to use the hash based
filename lookup. If there are lots of certificates in one file, the
lookup will take a lot longer then the creation of a hash for the CA to
be looked up and then the lookup using the hash based filenames of the
CA certificates. It would be interesting to see why the Apache guys are
using the hash based CA lookup and also a profiling of file vs.
directory based CA lookup. If I find the time, I will measure the
response time for Apache using both methods and compare them to Nginx.
Posted at Nginx Forum: http://forum.nginx.org/read.php?2,229129,229555#msg-229555
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