HttpUpstreamModule: Need more detailed Information

姚伟斌 nbubingo at
Mon Aug 13 02:43:49 UTC 2012

2012/8/10 Axel <ar at>:
> Hello all,
> i'm new to nginx and first of all i have to say it's a great piece of
> software.
> I need some more detailed Information about nginx behaviour regarding
> HttpUpstreamModule and I hope you can give me some hints and links where i
> can learn more about it.
> I set up nginx/1.2.2 as reverse proxy in front of a bunch of apache
> server(*) which are located in different housing locations.
> Now I have some questions and I can't find any docs or wiki pages with
> detailed answers.
> - how does nginx detect if one ore more upstream servers has diappeared?
>   - what kind of mechanism does nginx use? icmp or something else?
>   - how often does nginx request the status of upstream servers?
> - how can I monitor the status of upstream server seen by nginx (I monitor
> the status of running apache prcesses on the upstream server separately)

You may try the Tengine (, a forked nginx
version. We added proactive health check for the upstream servers.

This module (
can check the upstream servers periodically. If the upstream is marked
down, the request will not be sent to this server. If it's up, the
request will be sent to it again.

If you don't like this forked Nginx, you also can use the single
ngx_http_upstream_check module
( It can
supply the same feature as Tengine.

Thanks. Good luck.

> It's a is really simple setup atm and I have not activated any other module:
> upstream frontend {
>   server    frontend1:80 weight=100 max_fails=2 fail_timeout=10s;
>   server    frontend2:80 weight=100 max_fails=2 fail_timeout=10s;
>   server    frontend3:80 weight=100 max_fails=2 fail_timeout=10s;
>   server    frontend4:80 weight=100 max_fails=2 fail_timeout=10s;
>   server    frontend5:80 weight=100 max_fails=2 fail_timeout=10s;
> }
> location / {
>   proxy_next_upstream     http_502 http_503 error;
>   proxy_set_header        Host $host;
>   proxy_set_header        X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
>   proxy_set_header        X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
>   proxy_pass              http://frontend/;
>   proxy_redirect          default;
> }
> I googled around and found this thread
>,108477 but got no answer.
> Any help is appreciated
> Regards, Axel
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> nginx at

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