Installing dynamic modules when Nginx itself is installed via yum/dnf (Linux)
teward at thomas-ward.net
Thu Jan 7 03:55:43 UTC 2021
This is where **manually compiling by hand** is the problem. You would
do the compilation in a separate directory **NOT** inside the space of
the system's control - usually I spawn new `/tmp` directories or
destructable directories in my home space.
I'm not familiar with Fedora and the `dnf` command - but `dnf install`
installs the repositories-available-version of NGINX for Fedora's repos.
The next steps you would take by hand are:
(1) Install **all build dependencies and runtime dependencies** for
NGINX and the modules you're compiling dynamically.
(2) Download the tarball to temporary space.
(3) At the *very* least (though I suggest you go digging in the source
of Fedora's repos to get their build options, you can find them with
`nginx -T` output though) you need to do this:
**This does not install nginx, this is the compiling of the binaries.**
(4) Dig in the completed compile and find your .so file and put it in
/etc/nginx/modules (I believe that's where it is on your system, but I
can't validate that - again I'm not a Fedora user so I can't verify
that's exactly where you drop the module files themselves.
These're the *basic* steps - but again this will **not** install your
manually compiled nginx to overwrite what `dnf` installs - this simply
compiles everything and it's up to you to go digging to get the
components you need and put them where you need them to be for your
system to recognize them.
On 1/6/21 10:47 PM, Phoenix Kiula wrote:
> Thank you Thomas. Much appreciate this, it sounds promising.
> Appreciate your clarity.
> So if I:
> 1. Compile nginx via `dnf install nginx` and that becomes my system's
> Nginx, installed usually in `/etc/nginx`
> 2. In a totally separate folder, say, `/usr/src`, I then download a
> tarball of Nginx and compile it along with the dynamic modules --
> which will produce the .so files for said modules
> 3. Copy over the modules into the usual `/etc/nginx/modules` folder
> from Step 1
> ....in this sequence of steps, how do I make sure that:
> A. The compilation in Step 2 does not become my "system's nginx" (so
> when I do an `nginx -v` at the command prompt it should be refer to
> the nginx installed in Step 1 above, and *not* the one compiled via
> Step 2)
> B. The compile in Step 2 will use the "same libraries" that DNF used?
> In the DNF version of life I didn't pick any libraries manually...DNF
> found what was on my system. Will the manual compile not do the same?
> Many thanks!
> On Wed, Jan 6, 2021 at 10:19 PM Thomas Ward <teward at thomas-ward.net
> <mailto:teward at thomas-ward.net>> wrote:
> I'm fairly familiar with the 'compiling process' for dynamic
> modules - the process is the same for NGINX Open Source as wel as
> NGINX Plus.
> You would need to compile the modules alongside NGINX and then
> harvest the compiled .so files and put them into corresponding
> locations on the system you want to load the dynamic modules. In
> Ubuntu, we do this (or at least, I do) by using the same OS and
> libraries as installed on the target system (as well as the same
> NGINX version).
> This being said, **compiling** NGINX is different than
> **installing** NGINX - you can *compile* the nginx version 1.18.0
> with the dynamic modules and the same configuration as the Fedora
> version, and then **take the compiled module** and load it up in
> your installed nginx instance. Compiling NGINX to make the
> dynamic module does NOT require you to then install that NGINX
> version, provided that you match the `make` steps and
> installed/available libraries to those used in the original nginx
> compile done in Fedora.
> On 1/6/21 5:30 PM, Phoenix Kiula wrote:
>> Thank you Miguel. But you misunderstood the question. This
>> nginx blog as a great guide on it though
>> ...misses the very first question in this thread: we cannot
>> compile nginx from source on our server. At least not in a way
>> that that compiled version would become the nginx installed in
>> our *system*. We need to install nginx via the default Fedora dnf
>> package manager, which at this time installs 1.18.0.
>> Now, what I don't mind doing is to compile nginx in some
>> self-contained folder somewhere, then use that compilation to
>> create the .so or whatever the module file for that version
>> is....if all of this module compiling does *not* affect the
>> system-installed dnf version of nginx. Is this possible?
>> If so, the instructions do not help with this. The first step in
>> that official tutorial is to compile nginx and that compiled
>> nginx then becomes the system's main nginx. It replaces whatever
>> was installed via "dnf install nginx". Yes?
>> Hope this makes sense. Have I correctly understood how nginx
>> compilation works? Appreciate any pointers.
>> Thank you.
>> nginx mailing list
>> nginx at nginx.org <mailto:nginx at nginx.org>
>> http://mailman.nginx.org/mailman/listinfo/nginx <http://mailman.nginx.org/mailman/listinfo/nginx>
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